The international academic journal, Psychological Science, has published research co-authored by a Peking University HSBC Business School (PHBS) faculty member. “Relative Effects of Forward and Backward Planning on Goal Pursuit,” by PHBS assistant professor Jooyoung Park, Fang-Chi Lu of Korea University Business School, and William M. Hedgcock of the University of Iowa, ran a series of studies where participants created a plan for an important goal, to see if goal-planning methods affected motivation and pursuit of goals.
Considerable research has shown that planning plays an important role in goal pursuit, but not much attention has been paid to the ways people formulate plans and their impacts on subsequent goal pursuit. Therefore,Park and her coauthors had groups of students plan their approach to general school work, unit tests, comprehensive exams, or important job interviews, to see if the order in which people built plans affects their motivation to accomplish a goal and their goal-related performance. It is found that backward planning is more beneficial than forward planning, especially when the goal requires a complex plan.
So, how to make better plans to achieve your goals?
Base on her study, Professor Jooyoung Park has given the detailed answer as follows :